Europe is shutting its doors on migrants, numbers prove that
The International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations migration agency, in its most recent publication that the number of immigrants and refugees who have entered Europe by sea has experienced a drastic reduction in the year.
Data collected by the agency up to June 11 indicate that 73,189 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea in 2017. The corresponding figure for January-June 11 of last year was 2.11 434 – nearly three times the number of this year.
The deepening of anti-immigrant sentiments and refugees after the terrorist attacks in many European countries can be attributed to the drastic reduction.
Britain has seen three terrorist attacks in the past four months, killing dozens of people. There have been two major terrorist attacks in France and Sweden in 2017.
The series of terrorist attacks in Europe, which began with the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris in January 2015, continued unabated in France, Britain, Germany, Belgium and other European countries. And in many of these attacks, migrants, refugees and their dependents were involved.
2015: year of crisis
In terms of movement of migrants and refugees, 2015 was a year of crisis that has seen more than a million countries like Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq and Nigeria, are trying to enter Europe. According to the European Union (EU), there were 13,211,560 asylum applications in 2015.
The wave of immigrants and refugees in 2015 said that the biggest wave of human crisis since World War II creates pressure in many European countries, especially the smaller and economically weaker.
Although hostile signs were initially visible, such as Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic great reluctance, the European Commission has established a plan to distribute and to move refugees from Member States and sets the deadline of September 2017.
But so far only 21 000 asylum seekers have been relocated, although the EU threatens legal action against countries in difficulty.
Combined with the terrorist incidents attributed to migrants and refugees and a long increase in hostility, 2016 experienced a sharp decline with 3,64,000 asylum seekers in Europe.
Many European countries have erected fences to prevent migrants. The Balkan route was closed. The EU has made an agreement with Turkey to control and block the road to the Aegean Sea, the main route taken by asylum seekers to reach Europe through Greece.
Turkey, which was the gateway of Syrian immigrants to enter Europe, has sealed its border with Syria.
2017, it seems, following the trend of last year. During the first six months of the year, just over 70 000 asylum seekers arrive in Europe via the sea and in this case the number for the whole year is likely not to exceed 1 50 000.
The emergence of leaders of the right and extreme right in several European countries and governments hostile to migrants and refugees has aggravated the crisis.
France’s far-right politician Marine Le Pen has become the leading political opposition in the country with 34% of the votes in the last presidential election. In particular, the far right in France was almost non-existent until a few years ago.
Le Pen is a strong critic of immigration. Germany’s extreme right-wing leaders called compost asylum seekers, while British PM Theresa May has shown no particular interest in the welfare of refugees.
Similarly, across the Atlantic, President Donald Trump has always had a strong anti-immigration voices and tried to detain migrants and refugees who come to the United States.