Category: Science

Jupiter Is the Oldest Planet in the Solar System, New Evidence Shows

Jupiter Is the Oldest Planet in the Solar System, New Evidence Shows

Jupiter Is the Oldest Planet in the Solar System, New Evidence Shows

Jupiter – the largest planet in our solar system – is also the oldest, according to scientists who have found that the gas giant was formed four million years after the solar formation.

Knowing the age of Jupiter is essential for understanding how the solar system became its current architecture. Although the models predict that Jupiter was formed relatively early, so far, its formation had not been closed.

“We did not get to test Jupiter (unlike other bodies like Earth, Mars, Moon and Asteroids),” said Thomas Kruijer, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in the US.

“In our study, we used the isotopic signatures of meteorites (derived from asteroids) to infer the age of Jupiter,” said Kruijer, lead author of the study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Looking for isotopes of tungsten and molybdenum in iron meteorites, scientists have found that meteorites consist of two genetically distinct nebulous tanks that coexisted but remained separated between one million and three to four million years after the formation of the solar system.

In addition, the probe forces Juno SEENASA ‘Claim’ on Jupiter after revealing an astounding detail

“The most plausible mechanism for efficient separation is the formation of Jupiter, opening a space in the disk and preventing the exchange of materials between the two tanks,” said Kruijer.

“Jupiter is the oldest planet in the solar system, and its solid core formed well before the gas in the solar nebula dissipates, according to the base accumulation model for the formation of the giant planet” has, he said.

Jupiter is the most massive planet in the solar system and its presence has had a huge effect on the dynamics of solar disk acceleration.
Scientists have demonstrated, through isotopic analysis of meteorites, the solid nucleus of Jupiter was formed only about a million years after the beginning of the history of the solar system, making it the oldest planet.

Thanks to its rapid formation, Jupiter acts as an effective barrier against the inward transport of the material through the disk, which could explain why our solar system lacks super-Earths (an extrasolar planet with a mass greater than Earth ).

The team found that the Jupiter nucleus has increased about 20 times the Earth’s mass in a million years, followed by a more prolonged growth to 50 times the Earth’s mass until at least 3-4 million years after formation Solar system.

Early theories propose that gaseous giant planets such as Jupiter and Saturn imply high growth solid nuclei of about 10 to 20 times the Earth’s mass, followed by the accumulation of gas in these nuclei.

So the bottom line is that gas-generating nuclei must be formed before the dissipation of the solar nebula – the circum-gaseous disk surrounding the young sun – that probably occurred between 1 million years and 10 million years after Formation of the solar system.

“We are able to get away with Jupiter more accurately within a million years using isotope signatures of meteorites,” the researchers said.

Although this rapid acceleration of the cores was modeled, it was not possible to leave its formation.

“Our measurements show that the growth of Jupiter can be dated with time of genetic formation and meteorites separately,” said Kruijer.

Two-Headed Porpoise Found For First Time

Two-Headed Porpoise Found For First Time

Two-Headed Porpoise Found For First Time

The breeding male newborn porpoises were caught as bycatch and dumped into the North Sea by Dutch fishermen fearing it is illegal to keep them.

The first known case of a two-headed porpoise was documented last month when Dutch fishermen in the North Sea accidentally caught an abnormal creature as incidental catch in a raid nets.

Fearing that it is illegal to keep the marine mammal dead, they threw it into the ocean, but not before taking pictures of their strange research and alert researchers.

While the Siamese twin case studies have been studied in humans, reptiles and companion animals, they are rarely seen in wild mammals. In fact, prior to this finding, only nine cases of cetaceans in both directions of any type have been documented reliably.
A recent study published by the Journal of the Museum of Natural History in Rotterdam contextualizes the scarcity of discoveries.

“Binocular descriptions of whales and dolphins are extremely rare,” said Erwin Kompanje, the National Museum of History in Rotterdam, in his study. “We knew nine [other] published cases.”

(Read the first two-headed shark embryo found in Midetteranean West last year).
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Although researchers have lamented not being able to physically examine the dolphin they could gather data on the fisherman’s photos.

Scientists definitely know that the dolphin was both a newborn and a man.

The dorsal fins did not rise, the grandstands (or top of the head) still contain the hair and still contains an umbilical opening, indicating that the dolphin died shortly after birth. The story had not been rigid, necessary development porpoises have to swim.

On average, porpoises produce offspring every one or two years, and even if twins are extremely rare. Nearly 700,000 Marsopas are found worldwide, with 345,000 residents in the North Sea, but never before with two heads (until scientists can determine).

The International Union for Conservation of Nature says that bycatch is the biggest threat to porpoises. As a result, the EU has taken measures to control the impact of trawls and on populations.

It is believed that binoculars symmetrical ensemble, resulting in porpoises when two different embryos fuse or a zygote is only partially divided.

Kompanje noted in his study, however, a complete understanding of what causes twins together remains an enigma.

'Someone Is Jumping': After 12 Dead, London Fire Survivors Share The Nightmare

‘Someone Is Jumping’: After 12 Dead, London Fire Survivors Share The Nightmare

‘Someone Is Jumping’: After 12 Dead, London Fire Survivors Share The Nightmare

LONDON: Sajad Jamalvatan was at the cinema on Tuesday night when he called his mother in a panic. Returned soon declared himself.

“The building is on fire!” She said.

A few minutes later, the biomedical engineering student 22 years round the corner to see Grenfell Tower transforms into a hell.

“As soon as I arrived, someone pointed and said,” Someone jumps! Someone jumps! “He said Wednesday with the lingering smell of smoke in the air. In his opinion, the person jumped from the 16th or 17th floor of the 24-story tower.

This type of fall is not the type that can survive. The death toll has reached at least 12 – with dozens injured and authorities have warned that the death toll could rise.

Witnesses recalled a mother who abandoned her baby on a balcony and young children frantically knocking on windows before disappearing behind a thick layer of smoke.

“See the people dying in front of you …” he said as his voice stopped and stared at the sidewalk.

He said the shield had advanced rapidly and that the alarms were not activated.

“When I arrived, there were 10 apartments on the fire. After that, the whole building was on fire,” he said.

He snapped his fingers. “It’s like this,” he said.

Accounts such as his quickly added to suspicions that the equipment used in the 24-story building could contribute to rapid fire in an enclave of low-cost units in one of Britain’s richest areas.

The tower residents’ association had already warned that the tower was a potential fire hazard – they highlighted their concerns in a blog post last year – and there was palpable street rage that could have been done to prevent the tower fire.

Some complained that the fire alarms were not working properly. Others said that the staircase in the middle of the building was inadequate. Others have said that those who made the building did things on the cheap.

The London fire department calls the fire “unprecedented” and said an investigation was under way.

In a nearby community center, for their part, hundreds gathered in the hope of finding missing friends and relatives, including Muslim residents who had gathered for dinner during the holy month of Ramadan.

Interested people have also arrived in mass, many plastic bags that carry that collapse with food, diapers, toiletries and blankets. A man pushes a baby stroller with water, milk and baked beans cans.

Ahmed Chellat, 60, a retired community worker, was in a community center in search of his brother, wife and three children living on the 21st floor of the tower. He said he talked to his brother’s wife at 1:45 and told him to stay.
When he asked why they were not going to run out of the building, he said: “We are told to stay in – they ask us to cover the doors with towels. But the fire happens a lot.” , He recalled.

When he remembered 30 minutes later, “the last thing he said was”. The smoke was heavy. ”

“If emergency services tell them to stay indoors, it means they have not just come in. Are they big problems,” he said.

Many residents said that the building has been recently renovated and equipped with plastic panels, which have helped the fire spread quickly. “If you were a brick, you would not have set the fire on so fast,” Chellat said.

In such fires elsewhere, the flammable lining was blamed for several fires Highlands fast – including several plaques among the many skyscrapers of Dubai.

Just before the New Year celebration in the 2016 welcome, a fire swept through the 63-storey hotel in Dubai as millions watched the television coverage of the festivities near Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. A handful of people were injured in the fire.

Watch All the SpaceX Landings Ever Attempted in One Glorious Super Video

Watch All the SpaceX Landings Ever Attempted in One Glorious Super Video

SpaceX has made great strides in recent months, demonstrating that it can launch, recover, restore and revive its successful rocket technology. This was a great success because reusable rockets have the potential to significantly change the future of space travel by reducing the cost of launches, allowing greater access to the cosmos.

But SpaceX was not an overnight sensation. Its monumental achievement grows in years, subject to tests and trials, with successes and failures along the way. La Verge was kind enough to compile sequences of every attempt to land the company, whether it is a success or a flames.

SOON

SpaceX may have hit rockets successfully for more than a year at this point, but not every launch ends with applause. To this end, the Verge has launched a superposition of successful landings, and scaled the space company Elon Musk.
SpaceX has made great strides in recent months, demonstrating that it can launch, recover, restore and revive its successful rocket technology. This was a great success because reusable rockets have the potential to significantly change the future of space travel by reducing the cost of launches, allowing greater access to the cosmos.

But SpaceX was not an overnight sensation. Its monumental achievement grows in years, subject to tests and trials, with successes and failures along the way. La Verge was kind enough to compile sequences of every attempt to land the company, whether it is a success or a flames.

The first two releases were processed in January and April 2015, and both ended up unlucky. However, the company must have learned some valuable lessons from the third attempt in December 2015 was a success. The following landings were a mixture of successes and failures, but SpaceX successfully for more than a year.

SpaceX is a great example of the perseverance needed to succeed in science and technology. These are test fields, retestation, confirmation and repensation – unsuccessful overnight. SpaceX to fait d’excellents progrès ces derniers mois en prouvant qu’il peut lancer, récupérer, rénover et relancer sa technologie de fusée avec succès. In this regard, it is important to note that there is a need for a more grand accès au cosmos.

More SpaceX n’était pas une sensation de nuit. The monumental achievement will be devel- oped in the years to come, in the light of tests and tests, in the future and in the future. The Verge to me the gentillesse of compiler des séquences de chacune des attempts of atterrissage of l’entreprise, qu’il s’agisse d’succès or flammes.

IN BREF

SpaceX a peut-être rattrapé avec succès des roquettes depuis plus d’un an à ce stade, plus pas chaque lancement if ends for applaudissements. À cette fin, The Verge to my en place une superposition des débarquements réussis et échelonnés de la compagnie spatiale d’Elon Musk.
SpaceX a fait d’excellents progrès ces derniers mois en prouvant qu’il peut lancer, récupérer, rénover et relancer sa technologie de fusée avec succès. In this regard, it is important to note that there is a need for a more grand accès au cosmos.

More SpaceX n’était pas une sensation de nuit. The monumental achievement will be devel- oped in the years to come, in the light of tests and tests, in the future and in the future. The Verge to me the gentillesse of compiler des séquences de chacune des attempts of atterrissage of l’entreprise, qu’il s’agisse d’succès or flammes.

Les deux premiers lancements ont été tentés en janvier et avril 2015, et tous deux se sont terminés par des booms malheureux. More la société doit avoir appris quélections précieuses puisque la troisième tentative en décembre 2015 à été une réussite. Les débarquements suivants ont été un mélange de succès et d’échecs, plus SpaceX a réussi depuis plus d’un maintenant.

Le voyage d’SpaceX is an excellent example of the persévérance nécessaire pour prospérer dans la science et la technologie. Ce sont des champs de test, retestation, de confirmation et de repensation – pas les réussites d’une nuit.SpaceX ha hecho grandes progresos en los últimos meses, demostrando que se puede poner en marcha, recuperar, restaurar y revivir su exitosa tecnología de cohetes. Este fue un gran éxito debido a los cohetes reutilizables tienen el potencial de cambiar significativamente el futuro de los viajes espaciales mediante la reducción del costo de los lanzamientos, lo que permite un mayor acceso al cosmos.

Pero SpaceX no era una sensación de noche. Su logro monumental crece en años, sujetos a pruebas y pruebas, con éxitos y fracasos en el camino. La Verge tuvo la amabilidad de compilar secuencias de cada intento de aterrizaje de la empresa, si se trata de un éxito o llamas.

EN BREVE

SpaceX puede haber alcanzado cohetes con éxito durante más de un año en este punto, pero no cada lanzamiento termina con aplausos. Con este fin, la Verge ha puesto en marcha una superposición de aterrizajes exitosos, y escalado la compañía espacial Elon Musk.
SpaceX ha hecho grand

SpaceX And Facebook Are On A Race To Globalize The Internet

SpaceX And Facebook Are On A Race To Globalize The Internet

Women and children queue under the hot heat of the midday sun, disgust and frustration builds up around them as they wait to replenish these empty buckets with local hand pump suitable drinking water. The people do not stop having their own water supply, but the cloudy and polluted water barely enough to saturate the thirst of an honest worker. Therefore, they stop for hours on end in the scorching heat of the midday sun, wanting to help their husbands and parents get a glass of cold water when they get home after a hard day’s work. While we are sitting on soft sofas in our air conditioned rooms of urban condition, it is easy to take for granted the life we live, the gifts we have. But if there is one thing, my time in India taught me, that life is so small and inconsequential a humble citizen can be the result of overwhelming corporate and political interests.

It is difficult to think of the Internet when the issue of safe drinking water is at stake is that, above all, we must face our priorities. But if there is one thing, the Internet really works is to open up opportunities for the rural and urban poor struggling to live in a difficult economy. Teach a man to fish, and all that. Or that, or the old urban glamor, is what motivates the likes of Facebook and SpaceX in their quest to make the Internet universally available, and who are not willing to push the boundaries of conventional wisdom when it comes to meeting that With their plans.

“Internet is a wide range of opportunities.Using this can help find a job and a source of income for many people around the world.It can also promote the cause of globalization and help the international economy thrive as a whole.” – Alex Jasin, digital X3

We had a good look at the crucial connectivity for the company’s projects over the next few years to get to F8 from Facebook. Mark Zuckerberg has informed us of his ambitious plans to deploy connectivity solutions to the most remote and distant corners of the globe that do not yet have access to the Internet, and in doing so bring 3 billion people into the world that they have not yet had An internet connection in the mainstream. These plans are divided into three segments. The first is the Acquila Project, which aims to use solar powered airplanes to transmit over the Internet to rural and urban areas of the stratosphere. With Aquila, Facebook has managed to establish a record with its millimeter radio wave technology, which can radiate Internet connections of 36 Gbit / s for distances of up to ten kilometers. However, Acquila still has a way to go, because his large drone crashed into a dust and shade heap in the Arizona desert, shortly after setting the record above.Les femmes et les enfants font la queue sous la Chaleur brûlante du soleil de midi, le dégoût et la frustration s’accumulent autour d’eux alors qu’ils espèrent reconstituer ce seaux vides avec de l’eau potable appropriée à la pompe à main locale. Le village n’est pas sans son propre approvisionnement en eau, l’eau boueuse et polluée ne suffit guère pour saturer la soif d’un travailleur honnête. Par conséquent, ils se tiennent, pendant des heures et des heures sous la chaleur brûlante du soleil de midi, désireux d’aider leurs maris et leurs pères à un verre d’eau potable froide lorsqu’ils rentrent à la maison après une dure journée De travail. Comme nous nous nous assyons sur des canapés moelleux dans nos chambres climatisées de l’état urbain, il est facile de prendre pour acquis les vies que nous vivons, les cadeaux que nous avons. More s’il and a une chose, mon temps in Inde m’a appris, il est si petit et sans conséquence that the vie d’un citoyen privé humble peut être à la suite d’intérêts corporatifs et politiques accablants.

Il est difficile de penser à l’accès à Internet lorsque the question of l’eau potable en bonne santé est en jeu est, avant tout, nous devons régler nos priorités. More s’il y a une chose, Internet fonctionne vraiment bien, c’est ouvrir des opportunités aux pauvres ruraux et urbains qui se débattent pour vivre dans une économie difficile. Enseignez un homme à pêcher, et tout cela. Soit cela, soit le vieux glamor urbain, est mo qui motive les goûts de Facebook et SpaceX dans leur quête pour l’universellement universellement accessible, et les ne sont pas reposés à repousser les limits de la sagesse conventionnelle quand il s’agit de Bien conforms to leurs plans.

“The Internet is a vasta éventail d’opportunités.It will take from the peut aider a trouver an emploi et a source of revenus pour de nombreuses personnes à travers le monde. The peut également favoriser cause de la mondialisation et aiLas mujeres y los niños de cola bajo el ardiente calor del sol de mediodía, el disgusto y la frustración se acumula alrededor de ellos, ya que esperan para reponer estos cubos vacíos con bomba manual de agua potable adecuada local. El pueblo no deja de tener su propio suministro de agua, pero el agua turbia y contaminada apenas suficien

Bank Audit Sundries and Suspense Accounts

  • In case of stationery and stamps the auditor should check the control on custody and issue of stationery items, stamps The auditor should review the process and registers for the same. Stationery items will also include Term deposit receipts drafts, pay orders, cheque books, traveler cheques, Gift Cheques etc.
  • The auditor should offer the suggestions for better control in maintenance and use of stationery.
  • The instances of lost or missing stationery should also be mentioned in the report.
  • In case of Sundries and Suspense Accounts, the auditor should obtain the details of agewise analysis of pending entries in the account, inquire about reason for entry being pending for unreasonable period and assess the position of recoverability of the amount. The auditor should exercise his judgment about making necessary provision against such amounts.
  • In case any unusual items are notices while perusing the account, the auditor should report the same.
  • The auditor should not restrict his checking only to the pending entries, but he should also look into the entries which are squared off during the audit period.

Liabilities – Deposits

  • A deposit accepted from the public is a liability for the bank. Inoperative deposit accounts could be viewed as one of the fraud prone areas. Therefore, there are certain guidelines for operations in inoperative accounts. The auditor should see whether operations in inoperative accounts are carried out as per the guidelines issued. In case the guidelines are not followed, the details of deposits should be given name of the party, the amount due, the due date, the nature of the deposits etc.
  • The auditor should also review the deposit accounts both operative and inoperative to find out whether there are any unusual large movements (whether increase or decrease) in the aggregate deposits held at the year end. In such situation, the explanation from the branch management should be obtained. The movements without proper explanation should be reported in LFAR.
  • The auditor should obtain a list of overdue/ matured deposits at the end of the year. The amount of overdue/matured deposits should be mentioned in LFAR.

Other Liabilities – Bills payable, Sundry Deposits etc.

  • The auditors should obtain age wise details of pending entries in bills payable, sundry Deposits Accounts from the branch management.
  • The details obtained should be scrutinised to find out whether there exists any unusual items or material withdrawal/debits; The auditor should take appropriate view on such items.

Contingent Liabilities

  • The auditor should see that there exists a system which gives a reasonable assurance that all contingent liabilities are identified and properly disclosed.
  • The auditor should mention the list of major items of contingent liabilities (Other than constituent’s liabilities such as guarantees, Letters of Credit, acceptances, endorsements, ) not acknowledged by the branch.
  • The auditor should also obtain representation from branch management that all contingent liabilities have been disclosed and that the disclosed contingent liabilities do not include any contingencies which are likely to result in a loss and which therefore, require consequent adjustments of assets and liabilities.

Profit and Loss Account

  • The auditor should review the system at the branch to compute the discrepancy in interest, discounts or commission and for timely adjustment thereof. The Auditor should see the guidelines of controlling office in this regard.
  • The interest and commission should be checked on test check basis to find out whether there exists proper system to compute them correctly.
  • The income recognition Norms issued by the RBI should be followed at the branch. The auditor should report any deviation in that regard.
  • The report should also mention whether there is a system to estimate and provide interest accrued on the overdue/matured deposits.
  • The auditor should carry out the analytical procedure to find out whether there are any divergent trends in major items of income or expenditure. A suitable explanation should be asked for any divergent trend from the branch management. In case the auditor is not satisfied with the explanation he should mention the same in his report with proper details for the said divergent trend.

 

Books and Records

  • In most of the situations, nowadays, the books are maintained in the computerised environment.
  • If the books are maintained manually, the auditor should peruse them to find out whether they are maintained properly. The balancing is done and it is properly inked out. The books are to be authenticated by proper signatory at the branch.
  • In respect of computerised environment, the hard copies of certain accounts should be printed regularly.
  • The auditor should also mention the extent of computerisation and adequacy of the access and data security measures and other internal controls.
  • The auditor may review the process of creation of new logins, change of password the administrative control to access different files or reports through computerised system. There should be maker checker system.
  • Updating of the master data should be under supervisory control. The modification in the master data should be registered to Branch Manager only.
  • The auditor should also review the contingency
    and disaster recovery plan for the computer system. Timely backups, offsite backups, should be reviewed to understand the backup procedure.
  • The auditor should also mention any suggestion for efficient operation of the computer system.

Reconciliation of control and subsidiary Records

  • The auditor should see whether the subsidiary records are tallied with the control accounts. In case there are differences the same should be reported. He should also mention the date upto which the control and subsidiary records are balanced.

Inter branch Accounts

  • Normally, the inter branch transactions are passed through Head office account. The balance in Head Office Accounts as shown in the statement should be in agreement with the Head office Account in General Ledger. In case of any difference, the reconciliation statement should be obtained. The pending entries should be scrutinised to report whether there is a system of responding the entry promptly.
  • The outstanding debit entries in the Head office

 

 

 

rHAL Expression of Interest for Appointment of Internal Auditors For the period 01st April 2015 to 31st March 2017 for HAL Bangalore complex,

Helicopter Complex and Design Complex, Bangalore

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is a Public Sector Undertaking under the Administrative control of the Ministry of Defence. Bangalore Complex, Helicopter Complex and Design Complex are three of the five Complexes under HAL. These Complexes are engaged in the Design, Manufacture, Repair, Overhaul of Aircraft/Helicopters/Engines and Aircraft accessories. These Complexes have an annual turnover in excess of Rs. 6000 Crores for the year 2013-14.

These Complexes are in the process of appointing CA firms for carrying out the Internal Audit function for each Division / Office separately for the period from 1st April’ 2015 to 31st March’2017). Keeping with the requirements of transparency and equality of opportunity, the HAL Bangalore Complex is seeking to make these appointments on the basis of tenders benchmarked against a minimum viable offer. Interested CA firms may please visit the HAL website at www.hal-india.com under tenders of Aircraft Division for more details and information on how to apply.

For Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd H.K.Prakash

DGM(P&S)-Aircraft, Bangalore